What food is good for BULIMIA




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BULIMIA

FOODS THAT HARM

  • Trigger foods that are associated with binges

    FOODS THAT HEAL

  • Bananas
  • Berries
  • Apples
  • Pears
  • Whole grain cereals and breads
  • Lean meat

    WHO’S AFFECTED

  • 0.6% of the US adult population over the course of a lifetime
  • Adolescents and young adult women
  • About 80% of bulimia patients are female Medically, bulimia is defined as recurrent episodes of binge eating—the rapid intake of unusually large amounts of food—an average of twice a week for at least 3 months
    Although bulimia literally means “the hunger of an ox,” the majority of those with bulimia do not have excessive appetites
    Instead, their tendency to overeat compulsively seems to arise from psychological problems, possibly due to abnormal brain chemistry or a hormonal imbalance
    Despite their overeating, most of them are of normal weight
    They compensate for overeating by strict dieting and excessive exercise, or by purging through self-induced vomiting or abuse of laxatives or enemas
    Repeated purging can have serious consequences, including nutritional deficiencies and an imbalance of sodium and potassium, leading to fatigue, fainting, and palpitations
    Acids in vomit can damage tooth enamel and the lining of the esophagus
    Laxative abuse can irritate the large intestine, cause rectal bleeding, or disrupt normal bowel function, leading to chronic constipation when the laxatives are discontinued
    One of the most severe consequences, however, may be an increased occurrence of depression and suicide

    Nutrition Connection

    Like all eating disorders, bulimia can be difficult to treat and usually requires a team approach involving nutrition education, medication, and psychotherapy
    Along with addressing psychological issues, some nutritional issues can be addressed with these guidelines, under the guidance of a dietitian or a physician
    Treat nutritional deficiencies
    This is especially important if the body’s potassium reserves have been depleted by vomiting or laxative abuse
    High-potassium foods, such as fruits (both fresh and dried), especially bananas, and vegetables usually restore the mineral; if not, a supplement may be needed
    Emphasize foods high in protein and starches
    This diet should include these foods while excluding favorite binge foods until the bulimia is under control; then those foods can be reintroduced in small quantities
    At this stage of treatment, the person with bulimia learns how to give himself or herself permission to eat desirable foods in reasonable quantities, in order to reduce the feelings of deprivation and intense hunger that often lead to loss of control in eating
    Add high-fiber foods
    Those with bulimia who abuse laxatives may need a high-fiber diet to overcome constipation
    Whole grain cereals and breads, fresh fruits and vegetables, such as berries, apples, and pears, and adequate fluids can help restore normal bowel function

    Beyond the Diet

    A complete medical checkup is the only way to be absolutely certain of a diagnosis of bulimia
    Once certain, a doctor can offer guidance on the following: Journal
    Nutritional education typically begins with asking the person with bulimia to keep a diary to help pinpoint circumstances that contribute to binging
    A nutrition counselor may also give the person an eating plan that minimizes the number of decisions that must be made about what and when to eat
    Treat depression
    Because chronic clinical depression often accompanies bulimia, treatment usually includes giving antidepressant drugs like fluoxetine (Prozac), which also suppresses appetite, and sertraline (Zoloft)
    Look at alternative therapies
    Meditation, guided imagery, and progressive relaxation routines can help those with bulimia become less obsessive about weight and their eating habits
    Practice patience
    Don’t expect instant success; treatment often takes 3 years or longer, and even then, relapses are common