HEALTHY LIFESTYLE




Introduction to renal drugs
Introduction to renal drugs.JPG

Introduction

Renal disease alters the effects of many drugs, sometimes decreasing their effects but more often increasing their effects and thus potential toxicity. Many of these changes are predictable and can be mitigated by changing drug doses.
Renal disease interacts with drugs in three main ways.
  • Firstly, patients with renal disease may be more vulnerable to a given drug effect (patient susceptibility).
  • Secondly, a drug effect may be exaggerated or attenuated in patients with renal disease (pharmacodynamic change).
  • Thirdly, and most importantly, some drugs have higher steady-state concentrations when given at usual doses to patients with renal disease (pharmacokinetic changes).
    This can be summarised in one sentence:
    The drug dose should be reduced proportionally to the predicted reduction in drug clearance.
    Increased drug clearance results in lower drug concentrations, while decreased drug clearance results in higher drug concentrations and hence greater drug effects.
    To avoid harm when drug clearance is significantly decreased, the dose of renally cleared drugs should usually be reduced in patients with renal disease.
  • other drugs