HEALTHY LIFESTYLE




Gemfibrozil
Gemfibrozil.JPG

Gemfibrozil

CLINICAL USE

Hyperlipidaemias of types IIa, IIb, III, IV and V

DOSE IN NORMAL RENAL FUNCTION

1.2 g daily, usually in 2 divided doses; range 0.9–1.2 g daily

PHARMACOKINETICS

  • Molecular weight                           :250.3
  • %Protein binding                           :>97
  • %Excreted unchanged in urine     : <6
  • Volume of distribution (L/kg)       :9–13 litres
  • half-life – normal/ESRD (hrs)      :1.3–1.5/Unchanged

    DOSE IN RENAL IMPAIRMENT

    GFR (mL/MIN)

  • 20 to 50     : Initially 900 mg daily
  • 10 to 20     : Initially 900 mg daily. Monitor carefully
  • <10           : Initially 900 mg daily. Monitor carefully

    DOSE IN PATIENTS UNDERGOING RENAL REPLACEMENT THERAPIES

  • CAPD                :Not dialysed. Dose as in GFR <10 mL/min
  • HD                     :Not dialysed. Dose as in GFR <10 mL/min
  • HDF/high flux   :Not dialysed. Dose as in GFR <10 mL/min
  • CAV/VVHD      :Not dialysed. Dose as in GFR=10–20 mL/min

    IMPORTANT DRUG INTERACTIONS

    Potentially hazardous interactions with other drugs
  • Antibacterials: increased risk of myopathy with daptomycin – try to avoid concomitant use
  • Anticoagulants: enhances effect of coumarins and phenindione; dose of anticoagulant should be reduced by up to 50% and adjusted by monitoring INRAntidiabetics: may improve glucose tolerance and have an additive effect with insulin or sulphonylureas; rosiglitazone concentration increased – possibly reduce rosiglitazone dose; possibly enhanced effect with nateglinide; increased risk of severe hypoglycaemia with repaglinide – avoid concomitant use
  • Ciclosporin: Parke-Davis have one report on file of an interaction with ciclosporin where serum ciclosporin levels were decreased. No effects on muscle were notedCytotoxics: bexarotene concentration increased – avoid concomitant useLipid-regulating drugs: increased risk of myopathy in combination with statins and ezetimibe – avoid concomitant use

    ADMINISTRATION

    Reconstition

    Route

    Oral

    Rate of Administration

    Comments

    OTHER INFORMATION

    Adverse effects have not been reported in patients with renal disease, but such patients should start treatment at 900 mg daily, which may be increased after careful assessment of response and renal functionCases of rhabdomyolysis may be increased in those with renal impairmentApproximately 60–70% is excreted in the urine as both conjugated and unconjugated drugGemfibrozil alone has caused myalgia and myositis, but the effects appear to occur much more frequently and are more severe when a statin is also used. The combination is therefore not recommended.
  • other drugs