Types of Malnutrition

Malnutrition refers to deficiencies, excesses, or imbalances in a person’s intake of energy and/or nutrients.
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undernutrition, which includes wasting (low weight-for-height), stunting (low height-for-age) and underweight (low weight-for-age).
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micronutrient related malnutrition
micronutrient-related malnutrition, which includes micronutrient deficiencies (a lack of important vitamins and minerals) or micronutrient excess
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overweight, obesity and diet-related noncommunicable diseases (such as heart disease, stroke, diabetes and some cancers).
psychotic causes

Anorexia nervosa

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Anorexia nervosa is a potentially fatal condition characterized by undereating and excessive weight loss.
  • Symptoms of anorexia include extremely restricted eating, fear of gaining weight, and distorted body image.
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    over eating
  • Taking too much calories, and food
  • They typically weigh themselves repeatedly
  • Severely restrict the amount of food they eat
  • They often exercise excessivel
  • Frequent use laxatives to lose weight.
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    Signs that may develop over time include
  • bone loss (osteopenia or osteoporosis)
  • brittle hair and nails
  • constipation
  • low blood pressure, and multiorgan failure.
  • psychotic causes

    Bulimia nervosa

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    Over eating
  • frequent episodes of eating
  • large amounts of food
  • feeling a lack of control over these episodes.
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    Induce vomiting
  • overeating followed by forced vomiting, excessive use of laxatives or diuretics, fasting, excessive exercise, or a combination of these behaviors.
  • slightly underweight, normal weight, or overweight.
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  • gastric reflux
  • severe erosion of tooth enamel
  • dehydration
  • electrolyte imbalances
  • intestinal distress/irritation
  • psychotic causes

    Binge eating disorder

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    compulsive behavior
  • regular episodes of eating an extremely large amount of food in a short period of time.
  • Binge eating is a compulsive behavior, and people who suffer from it typically feel it is beyond their control.
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    compulsive exercise
  • They follow over eating by fasting, purging, or compulsive exercise.
  • They are often overweight or obese
  • They often abnormally high body weight complications such as hypertension, cardiovascular disease, and Type 2 diabetes.
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    avoid embarrassment
  • eating unusually large amounts of food in a specific amount of time
  • eating fast during binge episodes
  • eating alone or in secret to avoid embarrassment.