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BURNS

FOODS THAT HARM

  • Caffeinated drinks
  • Alcohol

    FOODS THAT HEAL

  • Lean meat
  • Poultry
  • Fish
  • Shellfish
  • Eggs
  • Legumes
  • Whole grains
  • Citrus fruit
  • Melons
  • Water
    Second-and third-degree burns that cause blistering and tissue damage are very serious; they have a high risk of becoming infected by germs that enter the body through the damaged skin
    Burn victims also require extra fluids, sodium, and potassium to replace those substances that seep out through damaged skin
    If this is not done, there is a danger of dehydration

    Nutrition Connection

    To promote healing and tissue repair, it is essential for victims of extensive burns to have a well- balanced diet that provides extra calories, protein, vitamins, and minerals
    Here’s how: Seek foods for tissue repair
    A diet that provides extra calories, protein, and zinc is needed for tissue repair
    Zinc is found in seafood, meat, and poultry and in lesser amounts in eggs, milk, beans, nuts, and whole grains
    Zinc is essential for wound healing and also bolsters the body’s immune defenses to fight infection
    Boost skin health
    Fruits and vegetables that contain vitamin C, such as citrus fruits and melons may help maintain healthy skin and ward off infection
    Often liquid supplements are necessary to maintain a high-calorie intake during the day
    Stay hydrated
    Noncaffeinated and nonalcoholic beverages help replace lost fluids
    Most people need at least 4 to 6 glasses of water a day to stay properly hydrated
    Avoid caffeinated beverages and alcohol
    Caffeinated beverages have a diuretic effect that accelerates fluid loss
    Alcohol dehydrates the body and lowers immunity

    Beyond the Diet

    Depending on the severity of the burn, the needs of the person will vary
    Victims hospitalized with extensive burns are usually given intravenous fluids and antibiotics
    If they are unable to eat, they will also be fed intravenously