The first medications proven to delay the progression of kidney disease are a class of medications called angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors.
Doctors and other medical professionals call them ACE inhibitors for short.
These medications work by blocking an enzyme that activates a protein called angiotensin.
ACE inhibitors decrease blood flow to the glomeruli.
This decrease in blood flow will prevent scarring of the glomerulus and surrounding tissues.
ACE inhibitors lower blood pressure. They are most often taken once or twice a day.
They help prevent hardening of the arteries, or atherosclerosis.
ACE inhibitors are also helpful in preventing heart attacks and in the treatment of congestive heart failure.