What can damage the kidneys

What can damage the kidneys

Hundreds of things can damage the kidneys.

  • The most common medical problem that causes damage to the kidneys is uncontrolled diabetes. When a diabetic has a high blood glucose, this causes an enlargement of a part of the cell wall of the glomerular capillary filter called the basement membrane.
  • Capillaries and other cells begin to enlarge.This leads to scarring or sclerosis of the glomerulus and results in the glomerulus becoming a damaged filter.
  • Proteins from the blood can leak through the damaged filter and appear in the urine.
  • This leakage can lead to further kidney scarring and damage.
  • High blood pressure can contribute to further glomerular scarring and damage.
  • Kidney problems can also be caused by urinary tract infections, medications, surgical procedures, kidney stones, as well as certain types of cancer.
  • Diseases such as lupus erythematosus and sickle cell anemia can damage many parts of the body including the kidneys.