AR
BMI UNDER WEIGHT











underweight is not healthy, it have its own probelms

common associated medical conditions

including type 1 diabetes,hyperthyroidism, cancer and tuberculosis.gastrointestinal or liver problems, anxiety and stress eating disorders such as anorexia nervosa and bulimia dementia
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Risks of being underweight
  • loss of fat, muscle mass, and body tissue
  • a lack of appetite or interest in food or drink
  • Osteoporosis
  • Skin, hair loss
  • teeth problems
  • poor dental health.
  • Getting sick frequently
  • Higher risk of heart attack.
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    Risks of being underweight
  • depression
  • tiredness and irritability
  • Slow or impaired growth. ‘failure to thrive.’
  • increased risk for mortality
  • Slow wound healing (eg, after surgery).
  • Thinning of the bones.
  • Irregular heart rhythms.
  • an inability to concentrate
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    Risks of being underweight
  • lower immunity against viral and bacterial infection
  • Feeling tired all the time.
  • Anemia which causes dizziness, headaches, and fatigue.
  • Irregular menstruation can cause infertility.
  • always feeling cold
  • Premature births. having a baby before 37 weeks.
  • underweight is not healthy, it have its own probelms

    Treatment

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    Diet
    Underweight individuals may be advised to gain weight by increasing calorie intake.
  • This can be done by eating a sufficient volume of sufficiently calorie dense foods.
  • Body weight may also be increased through the consumption of liquid nutritional supplements.
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    Exercise
  • Muscle hypertrophy increases body mass.
  • Weight lifting exercises are effective in helping to improve muscle tone as well as helping with weight gain.
  • Weight lifting has also been shown to improve bone mineral density
  • Exercise can also help stimulate the appetite of a person who is not inclined to eat.
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    Appetite stimulants
  • The safe is to get multi vitamins preperation, it stimulate appetite and supl
  • Certain drugs may increase appetite either as their primary effect or as a side effect. Antidepressants and antipsychotics increase in appetite as a side effect.
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    Some ideas
  • Eating small frequent meals throughout the day
  • Having full cream milk drinks between meals
  • Adding unsaturated fat food sources to food in cooking
  • Adding skim milk powder to soups, stews and drinks
  • Snacking on high energy foods during the day
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    Some key components
  • Adding snacks. High-protein and whole-grain carbohydrate snacks
  • Incorporating additional foods, can add calorie-dense food sources
  • Avoiding empty calories.
  • Eating high-calorie
  • using full cream milk
  • Adding grated cheese to cooked foods
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    Further tips
  • using healthy fats like olive oil
  • sprinkling some grated cheese on cooked food
  • adding skim milk powder to soups
  • adding protein powder to milkshakes
  • replacing tea or coffee with milky drinks
  • doing some exercise to increase your appetite
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