CPR Differences: Adult, Child and Infant

Action Adult Child Infant
Calling for Additional Resources Immediately, then perform CPR. If alone, 2 minutes of CPR
before leaving to call
If alone, 2 minutes of CPR
before leaving to call
Airway: Head-Tilt/Chin-Lift Past neutral position Slightly past neutral position Neutral position
Ventilations: Respiratory Arrest 1 ventilation every 5
to 6 seconds
1 ventilation every
3 seconds
1 ventilation every
3 seconds
Compression Rate 100–120/minute 100–120/minute 100–120/minute
Compression Depth At least 2 inches About 2 inches About 1½ inches
Compressions:
Ventilations Ratio
One rescuer 30:2
Two rescuers 30:2
One rescuer—30:2
Two rescuers 15:2
One rescuer 30:2
Two rescuers 15:2
AED Pads Adult pads:
age > 8 years
weight > 55 lbs
Child pads:
age 1–8 years
weight < 55 lbs
Adult pads if child pads not available
Child pads:
below age of 1 year
Adult pads if child pads not available
AED Pad Placement Upper right chest below
right clavicle to right of sternum
Left side of chest just
below nipple line
Upper right chest below
right clavicle to right of sternum
Left side of chest just
below nipple line
If pads risk touching each other
anterior posterior placement
Anterior/posterior placement:
Middle of chest
Back between scapulae